1914 A railroad linking Seoul to Wonsan is opened.

1949 South Korea joins the World Health Organization.

1966 South Korea ratifies the Geneva Convention on the treatment of prisoners of war. The agreement was initiated in 1949 by the Diplomatic Conference for the Establishment of International Conventions for the Protection of Victims of War, held in the Swiss city.

1980 President Choi Kyu-hah steps down, taking responsibility for nationwide student demonstrations and a bloody crackdown on a pro-democracy uprising in the southern city of Gwangju.

1982 President Chun Doo-hwan embarks on a tour of four African countries.

1984 Choi Eun-hee, believed to be South Korea's first female journalist, dies.

1992 An art troupe from MBC television participates in a Sakhalin festival with a North Korean troupe to wish for the unification of the peninsula.

1999 Creditors of Daewoo Group sign a pact with the ailing conglomerate that virtually dissolves the company.

2004 Judo player Lee Won-hee wins South Korea's first gold medal of the Athens Olympics.

2008 Jang Mi-ran shatters three world records in a row to win gold in the women's over-75-kilogram weightlifting competition of the Beijing Olympics.

2009 North Korean leader Kim Jong-il meets with the visiting chairwoman of South Korea's Hyundai Group.

2014 Pope Francis beatifies 124 Korean martyrs during his visit to Korea. Paul Yun Ji-chung and his 123 companions are among the first-generation Korean Catholics killed for their faith in the 18th and 19th centuries by Korean rulers who feared the rapid spread of Catholicism would undermine the nation's Confucianism-based ruling ideology.

Source: Yonhap news Agency