SEOUL, Seoul still has a wide jobholder gender gap and more than half of its working citizens earn less than 3 million won (US$2,570) a month, a survey showed Tuesday.

According to the Seoul Metropolitan Government’s annual survey, 76.2 percent of male citizens and 45.7 percent of female citizens had an occupation in 2018.

Overall, 60.5 percent of all citizens had an occupation last year, a rise of 6.8 percentage points from a decade ago, it showed.

A total of 42,991 Seoul citizens older than 15 in about 20,000 households and 2,500 foreigners living in Seoul took part in the survey conducted last September.

By age, citizens in their 30s showed the highest occupation ratio of 82.2 percent, followed by people in their 40s (80.1 percent) and people in their 60s (38.4 percent), the survey found.

White-collar workers accounted for 54.8 percent of all citizens with a job, and blue-collar workers took up 34 percent, with the remaining 11 percent holding specialized jobs or other occupations.

By employment type, 72.9 percent of working citizens were regular and 11 percent non-regular, with another 9.8 percent being self-employed.

The poll found 54.6 percent of working citizens reported a monthly wage of less than 3 million won, while those earning less than 1.5 million won and over 5 million won every month amounted to 8.6 percent and 8.4 percent, respectively.

Citizens with an occupation spent an average of eight hours and 26 minutes a day at work, while 18.7 percent worked over 10 hours a day. They spent 34 minutes on average on commuting.

The survey also said 79.6 of working citizens spent most of their leisure time watching TV or other video entertainment after work on weekdays.

Source: Yonhap news Agency